Paris, capital city of France

Paris-The-French-capital

There are few cities on earth that capture the imaginations and hearts of travelers like Paris. The French capital is at once historic, modern, romantic, intellectual, grandiose and elegantly understated. First-time visitors often arrive in the City of Lights with grand expectations of extraordinary vistas, of stealing kisses from a lover along the Seine and of intellectuals debating weight matters in smoky cafes. You can find all these things and more in Paris, but the best way to enjoy the city is to explore the winding backstreets and avenues without any preconceptions at all.

extraordinary view of Paris from Notre Dame

Nearly every corner of the city exudes enchantment, thanks largely to the French's love of beauty for beauty's sake. When Baron Haussman designed the city as it stands today, he purposefully combined utility with beauty. The result is a city marked by wide tree-lined boulevards, stunning views and parks or gardens around seemingly every corner. The most beautiful places in Paris are often these green spaces, like the Jardin du Luxembourg with its Florentine-style palace and dramatic botanical arrangements that explode into color during spring. Beauty also abounds at the Tuileries Garden, with roots that date back to the 16th century. The pathways stretch from just behind the Louvre to a hilly picnic area perfect for spending an afternoon in the sun.

Jardin du Luxembourg with its Florentine-style palace and dramatic botanical arrangements

Artistic vibrancy resonates throughout Paris, and the city's museums house some of the world's richest and most important collections. It would take a lifetime to fully experience the Louvre, home to the world's most diverse and extensive collection of pre-20th century art. Although the museum is most famous for housing the Venus de Milo and the Mona Lisa, visitors can also bask in the works of Rembrandt, Caravaggio, Vermeer and countless others. Other equally impressive museums include the modern Centre Georges Pompidou, the light and airy Musee d'Orsay and the Rodin Museum, home to The Thinker and a lovely sculpture garden.

Louvre

No visit to Paris would be complete without a trip to the Eiffel Tower. Once considered an abomination, the tower is now a symbol of the city and an icon of France. During the day, enjoy a picnic on the sprawling Champs de Mars with the tower providing one of the world's most romantic backdrops. Visit again after the sun sets to watch the tower sparkle with thousands of glittering lights. It is an absolutely breathtaking sight that every traveler should experience at least once.

Eiffel Tower

Other must-see sights include the Arc de Triomphe, France's tribute to Napoleon and unknown soldiers, the Pere Lachaise cemetery, final resting place of Edith Piaf, Oscar Wilde and other notables, and the Notre Dame Cathedral, one of the world's most impressive examples of Gothic architecture.

Arc-de-Triomphe-France-tribute-to-Napoleon

First-time visitors should also take a walk through the catacombs, an underground ossuary that is not for the faint of heart. The remains of nearly six million people fill the system of tunnels and caverns, and many of the bones are arranged in patterns that will haunt you long after you come back up to street level.

Catacombs, an underground ossuary in Paris

Although the city's metro system is inexpensive, easy to navigate and extensive, the best way to see Paris is on foot. Leave your map in the hotel and wander the meandering streets through neighborhoods like the quintessentially Parisian 7th arrondissement, the lively and artistic St. Germain des Pres quartier or the charming Marias neighborhood. Stroll down the Seine at sunset, stop for a drink at a cozy cafe and watch the world go by. That's the truly Parisian way of getting to know the city.

 Notre Dame at the river Seine at sunset

Paris Geographical Location

Paris is the largest city in France and is located in the northwest region. It is on the banks of the Siene River and has a population of approximately 2,315,000.

Paris Language

French is the official language of France but English is very common within Paris and other tourist areas.

Paris Predominant Religion

  • 84% Roman Catholic
  • 9% Muslim
  • 4% None
  • 2% Protestant
  • 1% Jewish

Church attendance is generally low in present day France although it was traditionally a Catholic state. Freedom of religion has been guaranteed in France for the last few hundred years and is a big part of French ideology.

Paris Currency

The Euro is the official currency of France.

Paris Climate

Paris experiences mild winters with occasional snow flurries and warm summers. Precipitation is common throughout the year.

Paris Main Attractions

  • The Eiffel Tower
  • Notre Dame Cathedral
  • The Louvre

Other Attraction in Paris

  • The Catacombs
  • Arc de Triomphe
  • Musee d’Orsay
  • Montmarte

Additional information