London, capital city of United Kingdom

River Thames and Tower Bridge in London

Rich with history, culture and spectacular architecture, there’s really no other place in the world quite like London. The capital city of the United Kingdom offers a wealth of attractions and world-famous landmarks to explore, including medieval fortresses, royal castles, lush parks and much, much more. In addition, London also boasts one of Europe’s most diverse populations as well as a thriving arts and cultural scene, adding even more character to it. From the banks of the River Thames to famous sporting sites like Wimbledon, London offers a dizzying array if attractions to see and interesting things to do. Truly one of the world’s greatest cities, London offers something for everyone to love.

Palace of Westminster, home of the iconic Big Ben clock tower

London is packed with world-famous attractions and historic landmarks to explore. Many of these are found in Central London, the historic core of the city, and especially in the City of London and Westminster districts. One of the city’s top attractions is the Palace of Westminster, home of the iconic Big Ben clock tower. As the seat of the British parliament, the Palace of Westminster is a place of utmost historical and cultural importance to the city. Known for its ornate Neo-Gothic architecture and rising towers, it is one of the city’s most iconic landmarks and a must-see destination.

Tower of London. Built in 1066, this royal fortress stands guard over the River Thames and holds the famed Crown Jewels

Another top site in London is the Tower of London. Built in 1066, this royal fortress stands guard over the River Thames and holds the famed Crown Jewels. An UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is open to the public for tours and offers a fascinating glimpse into the history and heritage of medieval London.

To see London from above, the London Eye is the perfect place to go

To see London from above, the London Eye is the perfect place to go. This landmark observation wheel offers spectacular views of the city and is a great way to get acquainted with its layout and top landmarks. Another great place to see the cityscape is from the Tower Bridge. Built in the late 19th century, the Tower Bridge is another icon of the city and boasts stunning views of the River Thames and many of the city’s top attractions. Other nearby sites of interest include Picadilly Circus and the Marble Arch.

Buckingham Palace, the seat of the British royal family

Culture abounds in many other of the city’s attractions. Buckingham Palace, the seat of the British royal family, is an absolute must-see destination and is the home of the celebrated Changing of the Guard ceremony. Open for tours during the summer, it is a fascinating attraction that every visitor should see. St. Paul’s Cathedral, known for its iconic dome and rich Baroque architecture, is another top cultural attraction, as is the wondrous Westminster Abbey. Trafalgar Square is a great place to relax, unwind and stop by some of the city’s top museums and cultural institutions.

 St. Paul’s Cathedral, known for its iconic dome and rich Baroque architecture

London’s museums, in fact, are among the finest in the entire world. The city hosts the world-class British Museum, one of the world’s foremost institutions of art and culture, as well as other renowned museums and galleries such as Tate Modern, the National Gallery, the Natural History Museumand much more.

Inside Natural History Museum London

world-class British Museum, one of the world’s foremost institutions of art and culture

For rest and leisure, visitors to London have plenty of options. Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens are renowned for their natural beauty and extensive greenery while Richmond Park is known for its rustic, untamed feel. Other top parks and public spaces in the city include Regent’s Park, St. James Park and the sprawling Hampstead Heath.

Kensington Gardens are renowned for their natural beauty

London offers even more to see and do. From the theaters of the West End to the shops of Mayfair, ethnic enclaves like Chinatown to cruising the scenic River Thames, this city has it all. Visitors looking for culture, adventure and rich heritage will find it all in London, one of the world’s most exhilarating cities.

Regent Street is one of the major shopping destinations in London's West End

London Geographical Location

London is located in the southeast of the United Kingdom on the River Thames and is the United Kingdom’s largest city.

London boasts a population of 14,000,000 people throughout its metropolitan area.

London Language

English is the official language of London and is most common throughout all of the United Kingdom.

London Predominant Religion

  • 58% Christian
  • 16% None
  • 9% Other or Prefer Not to Say
  • 8.5% Muslim
  • 4% Hindu
  • 2% Jewish
  • 1.5% Sikhs
  • 1% Buddhist

Although historically a Christian city, there are many boroughs of London that have large Muslim communities that are expected to grow by the next census.

London Currency

The British Pound is the official currency of the United Kingdom.

London Climate

London is cool throughout the year, normally not becoming uncomfortably hot in the summer. It experiences steady rainfall throughout the year and snows a few days during the winter months.

London Main Attractions

  • The Tower of London
  • Buckingham Palace
  • British Museum

Other Attractions in London

  • The Globe Theatre
  • Big Ben and the Palace of Westminster

Major Attractions in London... click below to see more

30 St. Mary Axe, The Gherkin • London

30 St. Mary Axe, The Gherkin

The 30 St. Mary Axe, also know as Gherkin, is the most distinctive skyscraper in London. It dominates the city even though it is slightly smaller than the...

30 St. Mary Axe, The Gherkin

Hyde Park Corner • London

Hyde Park Corner

Hyde Park Corner is one of London's busiest roundabouts, located at the convergence of Constitution Hill, Park Lane, Grosvenor Place, Piccadilly and...

Hyde Park Corner

Royal Courts of Justice • London

Royal Courts of Justice

It is difficult to miss the gargantuan Royal Courts of Justice while walking down The Strand. Designed by GE Street, the mix of Gothic spires, Portland...

Royal Courts of Justice

Admiralty Arch • London

Admiralty Arch

Admiralty Arch is one of the finest architectural wonders in London. The elegant gateway to the Mall stands on Trafalgar Square's southwest corner, and it...

Admiralty Arch

Imperial War Museum • London

Imperial War Museum

Tucked away on Lambeth Road in southeast London, the Imperial War Museum is slightly off the beaten path but remains one of the city's most interesting...

Imperial War Museum

Royal Mews • London

Royal Mews

Sitting just south of Buckingham Palace are the Royal Mews, where sleek Rolls-Royce cars and ornate fairy-tale coaches are commonplace. Like many of...

Royal Mews

Albert Bridge • London

Albert Bridge

The Albert Bridge stretches over the river Thames to connect Battersea and Chelsea. The original suspension bridge designed by R.W. Ordish was replaced in 1884...

Albert Bridge

Kensington Gardens • London

Kensington Gardens

The former counterpart to the open green spaces of Hyde Park, the Kensington Gardens were laid out by William III in 1689. Officially a part of Kensington...

Kensington Gardens

Royal Opera House • London

Royal Opera House

The Royal Opera House flanks Covent Garden's northeastern side and is home to one of the leading opera companies in the world, the Royal Opera. The spectacular...

Royal Opera House

Albert Memorial • London

Albert Memorial

This shrine to Prince Albert stands at Kensington Gardens' southern edge, across from Royal Albert Hall. The delightful Victorian confection was...

Albert Memorial

Kensington Palace • London

Kensington Palace

Kensington Palace has been like a commune for the Royal Family since it was purchased by King William III and Queen Mary in 1689. Royals have called it...

Kensington Palace

Russell Square • London

Russell Square

Bloomsbury's Russell Square is characterized by a playful fountain, majestic trees and winding pathways. The recently redeveloped square is one of London's...

Russell Square

Battersea Park • London

Battersea Park

Battersea Park offers more hidden secrets, variety and opportunities for simple enjoyment than most visitors ever hope to find in an inner city park. Located...

Battersea Park

Kew Gardens • London

Kew Gardens

The Kew Gardens are one of London's seven UNESCO World Heritage sites and may be the most famous gardens in the whole world. Everyone has a reason to love...

Kew Gardens

Sea Life London Aquarium • London

Sea Life London Aquarium

The Sea Life London Aquarium is one of Europe's largest, and its three levels are filled with stingrays, sharks and other rare and common aquatic species.

Sea Life London Aquarium

Big Ben • London

Big Ben

When most people think of “Big Ben,” they imagine the striking Victorian Gothic clock tower that rises above the Houses of Parliament. Although this...

Big Ben

Leadenhall Market • London

Leadenhall Market

London is one of the best destinations on the planet for foodies, and there is no better place for gourmands to shop than at Leadenhall Market. The scents...

Leadenhall Market

Shakespeare's Globe Theatre • London

Shakespeare's Globe Theatre

The Shakespeare's Globe Theatre is an incredible recreation of the wood-and-thatch, open-roofed Globe Playhouse that premiered most of Shakespeare's greatest...

Shakespeare's Globe Theatre

Brompton Oratory • London

Brompton Oratory

Ornate, colorful and flamboyant, the Brompton Oratory is London's second largest Catholic church. Built between 1880 and 1884, the church is officially...

Brompton Oratory

Leicester Square • London

Leicester Square

You would never guess that Leicester Square was a model of refinement, elegance and formality when it was created in 1630 thanks to the neon lights...

Leicester Square

St. James's Palace • London

St. James's Palace

St. James's Palace served as a royal residence for over 300 years and has been the setting for many of Britain's most important historical events. Constructed...

St. James's Palace

Buckingham Palace • London

Buckingham Palace

The 19 magnificent state rooms of Buckingham Palace are open to the public when the Queen takes her annual summer holiday in Scotland, offering visitors a...

Buckingham Palace

Liberty • London

Liberty

Liberty has been providing eclectic and innovative designs to the most fashionable London shoppers since 1875. Synonymous with great design and luxury...

Liberty

St. James's Park • London

St. James's Park

St. James's Park is the oldest of London's eight Royal Parks, and it is a refreshing green space in the very heart of the capital. The tranquil park is...

St. James's Park

Canary Wharf • London

Canary Wharf

Canary Wharf is one of the London's most bustling business districts, and it is poised to soon become one of the capital's hippest destinations for dining and...

Canary Wharf

Lloyd's Building • London

Lloyd's Building

Each day, people pause to gawp at the Art-Deco-meets-Blade-Runner design of Lloyd's of London. For an insurance company, the design seems a bit risky, but...

Lloyd's Building

St. Pancras Station • London

St. Pancras Station

St. Pancras is a favorite London landmark due to its colorful, rich history and grand Victorian architecture. Called the "cathedral of the railways"...

St. Pancras Station

City Hall • London

City Hall

London's City Hall is one of the most modern landmarks in the city, and its environmentally-friendly design represents the future of architecture in...

City Hall

London Eye • London

London Eye

The London Eye is to the British capital what the Eiffel Tower is to Paris. The icon is Europe's largest observation wheel, and it was twirled in the Jubilee...

London Eye

St. Paul's Cathedral • London

St. Paul's Cathedral

Breathtaking, elegant and topped by one of the largest church domes in the world, St. Paul's Cathedral was completed in 1710 after over three decades of...

St. Paul's Cathedral

Cleopatra's Needle • London

Cleopatra's Needle

Few visitors expect to see an authentic Egyptian obelisk while walking through downtown London, Cleopatra's Needle rises from the Thames Embankment, surrounded by...

Cleopatra's Needle

Madame Tussauds • London

Madame Tussauds

The remarkably lifelike wax figures at Madame Tussauds draw millions of visitors every year. For most, the life-size models offer a chance to get closer...

Madame Tussauds

Tate Modern • London

Tate Modern

Housed in the mid-20th- century Bankside Power Station, Tate Modern is a spellbinding gallery of contemporary and modern art. The result of combining funky...

Tate Modern

County Hall • London

County Hall

County Hall is one of London's most iconic landmarks. Situated on the south bank of the Thames, the fine building was built in 1922 as the home...

County Hall

Marble Arch • London

Marble Arch

British architect John Nash left his stamp across the city of London under the patronage of George IV, and one of his greatest legacies is the Marble Arch.

Marble Arch

The British Museum • London

The British Museum

The British Museum is one of the most celebrated treasures in London. The great temple of culture is overflowing with incalculable beauty and value from...

The British Museum

Covent Garden • London

Covent Garden

The three markets of Covent Garden draw in locals and visitors with their quaint old arcades, captivating street performers, enticing refreshments and...

Covent Garden

Millennium Bridge • London

Millennium Bridge

Millennium Bridge is the first pedestrian-only bridge to span the Thames in the heart of the city for over 100 years. The 320-meter steel bridge links...

Millennium Bridge

The City • London

The City

“The City” is London's oldest, most historic district. Founded in AD 50, this is the birthplace of London, and it is where the ancient and modern worlds...

The City

Cumberland Terrace • London

Cumberland Terrace

Cumberland Terrace is one of the highlights of central London's Regent's Park. Designed by celebrated architect John Nash, the terrace was designed in...

Cumberland Terrace

National Gallery • London

National Gallery

London's National Gallery stands proudly on Trafalgar Square's north side, where it houses one of the world's most impressive art collections. Over 2,300...

National Gallery

The Monument • London

The Monument

Known commonly as just “The Monument,” this memorial stands on Fish Street Hill and Monument Street in remembrance of the Great Fire of London that ravaged...

The Monument

Cutty Sark • London

Cutty Sark

Cutty Sark is one of the most famous ships in the world, and the last tea clipper on the planet. The Greenwich landmark recently reopened after a serious fire...

Cutty Sark

National Portrait Gallery • London

National Portrait Gallery

Founded in 1856 to display portraits of Britain's most famous and celebrated men and women, the National Portrait Gallery is a must-see for all visitors...

National Portrait Gallery

The Shard • London

The Shard

The Shard is one of the most dynamic buildings in London, and it is certainly the most eye-catching. Conceived by Sellar Property, it is also Western...

The Shard

Duke of York Column • London

Duke of York Column

The Duke of York Column stands in remembrance of Prince Frederick, Duke of York and son of King George III. The grand column welcomes visitors to the...

Duke of York Column

Natural History Museum • London

Natural History Museum

Visitors to London's Natural History Museum are greeted by reliefs of creatures both living and extinct. The welcoming is fitting, because the walls of...

Natural History Museum

Tower Bridge • London

Tower Bridge

London's most iconic bridge is younger than it looks. The medieval-style Tower Bridge was actually built in 1894, but it was carefully designed by...

Tower Bridge

Greenwich • London

Greenwich

The borough of Greenwich lies five miles downstream from central London, and although it is tiny in size, it has a big personality. The area is home to...

Greenwich

O2 Arena • London

O2 Arena

The white tent-like structure of the O2 Arena, once known as the Millennium Dome, springs up from the gritty Docklands area of East London and is one of...

O2 Arena

Tower of London • London

Tower of London

The Tower of London brings the city's history to life more vividly than any other landmark. The 20 towers tell the tales of treasures, heraldry, sovereigns...

Tower of London

Guildhall • London

Guildhall

Guildhall has been one of the powerhouses of London for hundreds of years. Today, the landmark is still the headquarters of the City of London...

Guildhall

Palace of Westminster • London

Palace of Westminster

Also known as Houses of Parliament, the London's Palace of Westminster is a 1,100-room labyrinth filled with corridors of power. First established in the...

Palace of Westminster

Trafalgar Square • London

Trafalgar Square

Immerse yourself in the very heart of London at Trafalgar Square. The square is the place from which all distances that grace signposts in the United...

Trafalgar Square

Harrods • London

Harrods

Harrods is at once both stylish and garish. The obligatory stop for tourists in London attracts big spenders and thrifty shoppers alike, and its over...

Harrods

Piccadilly Circus • London

Piccadilly Circus

The postcard-picture side of London comes to life at Piccadilly Circus. Named after a style of collar popular in the 17th century, the hub was designed in...

Piccadilly Circus

Victoria & Albert Museum • London

Victoria & Albert Museum

The Victoria and Albert Museum, known to locals as simply “the V&A,” houses the world's finest collection of applied arts from all nationalities, disciplines...

Victoria & Albert Museum

HMS Belfast • London

HMS Belfast

The flags of the HMS Belfast flap in the breezes of the Thames, welcome naval-gazing fans from around the world. Not far from City Hall, the huge cruiser...

HMS Belfast

Queen Victoria Memorial • London

Queen Victoria Memorial

Queen Victoria ruled from May of 1837 to January of 1901, making her Britain's longest-ruling monarch. She led the United Kingdom through great cultural...

Queen Victoria Memorial

Wellington Arch • London

Wellington Arch

This majestic stone arch stands across from Apsley House, the mansion of the Duke of Wellington, at Hyde Park Corner. Constructed in 1828 and designed by...

Wellington Arch

Holland Park • London

Holland Park

Holland Park is one of the most peaceful and romantic parks in London. Spanning 22 hectares, the park's northern half is filled with semi-wild...

Holland Park

Regent's Park • London

Regent's Park

Regent's Park is part of the Royal Parks System, the 395-acre green space includes the largest outdoor sports arena in the city center, Queen Mary's...

Regent's Park

Westminster Abbey • London

Westminster Abbey

Westminster Abbey is more than just a breathtaking place of worship; it is also a living pageant of London and the United Kingdom's history. Over a million...

Westminster Abbey

Hyde Park • London

Hyde Park

The 350 acres of Hyde Park began as the hunting grounds of Henry VIII but today serve as place for locals and visitors to have fun and frolic in the middle...

Hyde Park

Royal Albert Hall • London

Royal Albert Hall

London's Royal Albert Hall is the most famous concert venue in all of Britain. The domed, sprawling, red-brick amphitheater seats 5,250 and was funded by...

Royal Albert Hall

Westminster Cathedral • London

Westminster Cathedral

Westminster Cathedral is one of the world's most delightful examples of neo-Byzantine architecture. The 19th-century cathedral's most distinctive...

Westminster Cathedral

Additional information

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